Chester Alan Arthur: The American Presidents Series

Born in Vermont. Raised in New York. Mediocre student. Strong antislavery beliefs. Became a lawyer. 
Very much a people person, which led to much of his success. Friend of Roscoe Conkling. Assigned Commissioner of ports in NY. Important position at the time. And very lucrative. 
Panic of 1873 lead to the end of moiety system. Hayes made civil service reform the leading cause of his presidency.  Hayes replaced Arthur as part of his reform campaign. 
Arthur picked as president primarily because of his likability and his alliance with Conkling and the Stalwarts. Arthur remains loyal to Conkling during Garfield’s/Blaine’s successful scheme to appoint non-Stalwarts to cabinet positions. Led to a break between Garfield and Arthur. 
Arthur was really into modernizing the White House. Liked fine clothes, carriages etc…  He was the Jackline Kennedy of his time. 
Vetoed the Anti-Chinese Immigration Bill. Signed the second one, knowing his veto would be overturned. 
Popular book at the time. Henry George’s Progress and Poverty. 
Republicans were crushed in the elections of 1882. During the duck session when they still had a majority, Arthur decided to push Pendleton’s civil service bill. Wanted to be seen as party of reform. Passed and Arthur signed. 
Died from problems related to Bell’s Palsey; kidney disease. Was a big eater/drinker,  which probably caused the  issues.  
Remember as an “ok” president – not terrible, certainly not  great. Did  better than expected considering. 

It Was on Fire When I Lay Down on It – Robert Fulghum

I read his book All I Needed to Know I Learned in Kindergarten a long time ago. I  remembered it as rather cornball, but I did remember it, which is something. I read something about this volume recently and decided to give it a try.

This one is pretty cornball as well, and formulaic, but I can’t say didn’t enjoy parts of it. The title come from a newspaper article, an interview with a guy, who when asked how his matteress got on fire, answers that it was already on fire when he lay down on it.

A couple stories stood out to me. The one about the driver instructor who was loved by his students because he just listened to them and  tried to get to know them.  Another good one was about his time at a Zen monastery.  The head of the place reads to him this:

There is really nothing you must be.

And  there is  nothing you must do.

There is really nothing you must have.

And  there is nothing  you  must know.

There is  really nothing you must become.

However. It  helps to understand that fire burns, and  when it rains , the earth gets wet. 


There was also the story about the Hunt Saboteur Association, whose purpose was to break up fox hunting events – often humorously – thereby saving foxes from death. The interesting point was that doing good can also be fun, it doesn’t have to be grim and hard work. 

Advice to a Mad Prophet

by Richard Wilbur

When you come, as you soon must, to the streets of our city,   
Mad-eyed from stating the obvious, 
Not proclaiming our fall but begging us 
In God’s name to have self-pity, 
Spare us all word of the weapons, their force and range,   
The long numbers that rocket the mind; 
Our slow, unreckoning hearts will be left behind,   
Unable to fear what is too strange. 
Nor shall you scare us with talk of the death of the race.   
How should we dream of this place without us?— 
The sun mere fire, the leaves untroubled about us,   
A stone look on the stone’s face? 
Speak of the world’s own change. Though we cannot conceive   
Of an undreamt thing, we know to our cost 
How the dreamt cloud crumbles, the vines are blackened by frost,   
How the view alters. We could believe, 
If you told us so, that the white-tailed deer will slip   
Into perfect shade, grown perfectly shy, 
The lark avoid the reaches of our eye, 
The jack-pine lose its knuckled grip 
On the cold ledge, and every torrent burn 
As Xanthus once, its gliding trout 
Stunned in a twinkling. What should we be without   
The dolphin’s arc, the dove’s return, 
These things in which we have seen ourselves and spoken?   
Ask us, prophet, how we shall call 
Our natures forth when that live tongue is all 
Dispelled, that glass obscured or broken 
In which we have said the rose of our love and the clean   
Horse of our courage, in which beheld 
The singing locust of the soul unshelled, 
And all we mean or wish to mean. 
Ask us, ask us whether with the worldless rose   
Our hearts shall fail us; come demanding   
Whether there shall be lofty or long standing   
When the bronze annals of the oak-tree close.

A Chronic Condition

by Richard Wilbur

Berkeley did not foresee such misty weather,
Nor centuries of light
Intend so dim a day. Swaddled together
In separateness, the trees
Persist or not beyond the gray-white
Palings of the air. Gone
Are whatever wings bothered the lighted leaves
When leaves there were. Are all
The sparrows fallen? I can hardly hear
My memory of those bees
Which only lately mesmerized the lawn.
Now, something, blaze! A fear
Swaddles me now that Hylas’ tree will fall
Where no eye lights and grieves,
Will fall to nothing and without a sound.

I sway and lean above the vanished ground.

Link to an essay about the references in this poem.


After the Last Bulletins

by Richard Wilbur

After the last bulletins the windows darken 
And the whole city founders readily and deep, 
Sliding on all its pillows 
To the thronged Atlantis of personal sleep, 
And the wind rises. The wind rises and bowls 
The day’s litter of news in the alleys. Trash 
Tears itself on the railings, 
Soars and falls with a soft crash, 
Tumbles and soars again. Unruly flights 
Scamper the park, and taking a statue for dead 
Strike at the positive eyes, 
Batter and flap the stolid head 
And scratch the noble name. In empty lots 
Our journals spiral in a fierce noyade 
Of all we thought to think, 
Or caught in corners cramp and wad 
And twist our words. And some from gutters flail 
Their tatters at the tired patrolman’s feet, 
Like all that fisted snow 
That cried beside his long retreat 
Damn you! damn you! to the emperor’s horse’s heels. 
Oh none too soon through the air white and dry 
Will the clear announcer’s voice 
Beat like a dove, and you and I 
From the heart’s anarch and responsible town 
Return by subway-mouth to life again, 
Bearing the morning papers, 
And cross the park where saintlike men, 
White and absorbed, with stick and bag remove 
The litter of the night, and footsteps rouse 
With confident morning sound 
The songbirds in the public boughs.